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40 Hadith Abu Arwa Ali Health

40 Hadith #65: Excessive Eating

With our brother Abu Arwa Ali

📚Summary:

  • The Prophet ﷺ warned us from overeating, what are its dangers?
  • The benefits of Islamic etiquette on food consumption
  • What does Allah tell us in the Qur’an?
  • Islam and Medicine
  • **Go to: www.HealthyMuslim.com

Hadith 47 (Ibn Rajab’s 5th addendum)

  • Al-Miqdam Ibn Ma’dikarib (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that Allah’s messenger said: “No human fills a container worse than a stomach. A number of mouthfuls that keep his back straight are enough for the son of Adam. If it is a must, then a third for his food, a third for his drink and a third for his breath” [Recorded by Ahmad, At-Tirmidhi, An-Nasai and Ibn Majah. At-Tirmidhi said: a hasan hadith]
  • The explanation of this hadith is divided into 4 parts

Part 1: “No human fills a container worse than a stomach”

  • What did the Prophet () mean by this?
  • What is the meaning of the term “container” (Al-Wi’aa) here?
  • What are the reasons for describing the stomach as the worst container? Over indulging it causes:
    • Leads to gluttony 
    • Causes illness
    • Brings about laziness and blameworthy relaxation
  • Is there anything wrong about relaxing?

Part 2: “A number of mouthful that keep his back straight are enough for the son of Adam”

  • The Messenger of Allah () here informs us how much food is adequate for a person
  • This is an encouragement for us to prevent overeating, minimising food consumption and not squandering food. 
  • This is a foundation of Medicine
  • We can see from this how perfect the religion of Islam is, it contains for us even advice regarding our health and medical matters
  • What does a person gain from doing this:?
    • You become light
    • You are much more energetic
    • You are preserved from illness
  • An anecdote on from Yemen

Part 3: “If it is a must, then a third for his food, a third for his drink and a third for his breath”

  • This means if a person is not sufficed by a few mouthfuls, and he needs to have extra, then food and drink should be within limits of two thirds of the stomach
  • Why should we keep 1 third of the stomach for breath?
    • Helps you to breath easily
    • You are therefore not hampered by the food
  • Eating to hour fill is something which is disliked, but it is allowed. What is the proof of this?

Islam and Medicine

  • The guidance of our Prophet  encompasses our whole life, Islam is perfect
  • The Prophet  stated “No human fills a container worse than a stomach”, this is extremely important in its impact on Medicine
  • Allah says in the Qur’an: “….And eat and drink and be not excessive (therein)…” [Surah Al-A’raaf 7:31]
  • Allah has created the human body and its default state is to be healthy
  • We can maintain health by eating what is good for us, avoiding what is harmful for is, and not becoming excessive in our eating
  • Imam Al-Qurtubi (may Allah have mercy on him) says “In eating little there is many benefits”, what did he mention?
  • Ibn Rajab (may Allah have mercy on him) explains why he added this hadith. He says “this hadeeth [constitues] a comprehensive principle for all of the principles of medicine”.
  • Ibn Rajab quotes the Christian physician Ibn Abee Masaawaih on the statement of Messenger of Allah What did he say?
  • Overeating causes dysbiosis
  • Statements of the Salaf
  • For more information go to: www.HealthyMuslim.com

Part 4:

  1. This Hadith explains the Islamic etiquette concerning food consumption 
  2. This Hadith cautions against filling the stomach
  3. Eating what is sufficient maintains one’s life
  4. If it is a must to eat more than what is sufficient, then it should be within limits of two thirds of ones stomach