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40 Hadith Abu Arwa Ali Fiqh (Jurisprudence) Health Personal Matters Societal matters

40 Hadith #64 (Hadith 45 & 46)

With our brother Abu Arwa Ali

Summary:

  • Prohibition of Alcohol & intoxicants, regardless of the type
  • Many times scientists and official bodies have been wrong on prohibiting or permitting certain things (e.g. Alcohol, smoking, drugs etc), we should exercise caution and not take everything at face value
  • The beauty and perfection of Islamic Law in that it prohibits what is harmful and permits what is beneficial

Hadith 45 (Ibn Rajab’s 3rd addendum)

  • Jabir ibn Abdillah (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that: I heard Allah’s Messenger () in the year of the conquest of Mecca saying, “Indeed, Allah and His Messenger forbade the trade of alcohol, dead animals, pigs and idols.” It was said: “O Allah Messenger! What about the fat of dead animals, for it was used for greasing the boats and the hides and people use it for lights?” He said, “No, it is forbidden.” Allah’s Messenger () then said: “May Allah curse the Jews. Indeed, when Allah made it’s fat forbidden, they melted it, sold it and ate its price.” [Recorded by Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
  • NOTE: clarification of the term “May Allah curse the Jews”
  • The explanation of this hadith is divided into 6 parts

Part 1: “Indeed Allah and His Messenger have forbidden”

  • What does this mean?
  • Other wordings of this hadith

Part 2: The statement of Jabir (may Allah be pleased with him)

  • Regarding his statement “I heard Allah’s Messenger () in the year of the conquest of Mecca”
  • What is the significance of this hadith in that time and place?

Part 3: The for things which were prohibited

  1. (Intoxicants) including Alcohol (Al-Khamr):
    • Khamr is the mother of wicked things
    • The one who drinks Alcohol it is as though he wants to place himself amongst those who are insane
    • The one who does this falls into all forbidden matters
  2. Eating Dead animals (Al-maytah):
    • Eating dead animals is prohibited unless it is for the necessity of saving one’s life if there are no alternatives. In that situation how much should one eat?
    • What about the using the skin of dead animals for leather? Does it have to undergo the tanning process?
  3. Eating Swine such as pork, (Al-Khinzir):
    • Eating and selling it is impermissible
    • Any animal which is forbidden to be eaten, then it is also forbidden to sell to others
  4. Idols (Al-asnaam):
    • The Messenger of Allah  forbade the sale of idols, their ownership or make
    • They are to be broken where one has authority and ability (for example in one’s own household). It is not the case that you should go and break idols where you have no authority
    • Using its broken pieces is allowed (e.g. for building material) as it is not longer an idol

Part 4: Concerning the statement of the companions

  • They (may Allah be pleased with them) asked “O Allah Messenger! What about the fat of dead animals, for it was used for greasing the boats and the hides and people use it for lights?”
  • Why where they asking about selling the fat of the dead animals?
  • What was the reply of the Prophet ?

Part 5: Concerning the statement of the Messenger of Allah  “May Allah curse the Jews”

  • If Allah prohibits something, then one should not seek to use deceit and try to derive some benefit or gain from it
  • This is not in relation to having physical hostility towards them

Part 6: Summary of Benefits

  1. This Hadith clarifies the prohibition of these 4 things
  2. The Prophet  prohibited these things in Makkah when he conquered it was for the Quraish to hasten to refrain from these things
  3. The sale and price of something prohibited by Allah is also prohibited
  4. The prohibition of employing tractors which result in permitting what Allah has prohibited
  5. Criticism of previous religions who used tactics to permit what Allah has prohibited
  6. Cautioning this ummah against pursing the tactics of previous religions

—— Hadith 46——

Hadith 46 (Ibn Rajab’s 4th addendum)

  • Abu Musa Al-Ash’ari reported that the Prophet  had sent him to Yemen and he asked the Prophet about a certain drink which used to be prepared there The Prophet said  “What are they?” Abu Musa said, “Al-Bit’ and Al-Mizr?” He said, “Al-Bit’ is an alcoholic drink made from honey and Al-Mizr is an alcoholic drink made from barley.” The Prophet  said “All intoxicants are prohibited.” [Bukhari and Muslim]
  • The explanation of this hadith is divided into 3 parts

Part 1: The Prohibition criteria for intoxicants

  • Allah’s Messenger  made the prohibition of these drinks conditional upon intoxication
  • Therefore, a drink that intoxicates is prohibited and a drink that does not intoxicate is generally permitted
  • Initially the Messenger  prohibited alcoholic drinks in specific containers, then later this was abrogated. What is the evidence of this?
  • Anything that intoxicates is prohibited, whether it is a drink, food, liquid, solid, powder, or paper

Part: Khamr (Intoxicants, Alcohol)

  • What is Al-Khamr (intoxicants, alcohol)? How is it defined in Islam??
  • The Sharia cuts off any route that can lead to intoxication, alhamdulillaah
  • The prohibition applies to alcohol from grapes or anything other source
  • Anything that intoxicates in large amounts is prohibited in small amounts 

Part 3: Summary of Benefits

  1. The keenness of the companions
  2. This hadith highlights the perfection of the Islamic Law and it consists of a complete and comprehensive set of principles
  3. Prohibition of intoxicants, regardless of the type

IMPORTANT: Note on critical thinking

  • In our current age we have seen many times when scientists, “experts” and official bodies have been wrong:
    • Alcohol:
      • It is harmful but we find that many countries and many so-called “experts” allow it
      • we know it causes many harms (injuries, sins, liver disease, cancer, death)
    • Smoking: 
      • This I used to be advertised openly! Even as a cure for asthma!
      • It was recommended by doctors at one point
      • Now we know it causes serious injury to the lungs
    • Other situations e.g. drugs, certain treatments etc
  • Don’t take everything you are told at face value, otherwise we will be duped by those who seek to harm us 
  • The Islamic law is not susceptible to this, it is perfect as it was made by Allah, The Most High.
  • It is upon us to educate ourselves and be cautious

Q&A