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Abu Muadh Taqweem Aqeedah (Creed) Bidah (Innovation) Eemaan (belief) Sound Creed Tawheed (Islamic Monotheism)

Sound Creed 16: Trust in Allah

Sat 30 Nov 2019
Ready by our Brother Abu Muadh Taqweem

Lesson 16: Trust, dependence and reliance in Allah alone

Recap from Previous Lesson

  • Ibnul Qayyim (may Allah have mercy upon him) mentioned 10 things which bring about love for Allah, what were these?
  • Having love for the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ)
  • Those who claim to love the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) but they oppose his Sunnah and instead follow Bid’ah, e.g. the “Mawlid” celebrations and even making shirk by making dua to other than Allah alone
  • The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) prohibited and forbade us from making dua to anyone else other than and commanded us to make dua only to Allah, i.e. not making dua to him (ﷺ) or others or making dua through someone

Tawakkul in Allah

  • What does “Tawakkul” mean linguistically?
  • It is to depend, rely and trust in someone
  • It is an action of the heart
  • Having Tawakkul in Allah is an act of worship and it is done sincerely and only for Allah

Shirk (Polytheism) in having Tawakkul of Allah

  • Having trust and dependence in other than Allah is of different types:
    • First Type:
      • Putting your trust in other concerning affairs no one is capable of except Allah, i.e. those things only Allah can do
      • E.g. asking the deceased or those who are absent
      • This is Major shirk
    • Second Type:
      • Putting your trust in other than Allah in the apparent means
      • E.g. putting your trust in someone of authority
      • This is considered a form of minor shirk, why?
    • Third Type:
      • This is when you put your trust in someone who will carry something out on your behalf
      • For example you may put your trust in someone who will carry out buying or selling on your behalf or take your items somewhere
      • This is permissible
  • Trusting in Allah is from the greatest forms of worship and placing your trust in anyone else in those affairs which they are not capable of is from Major Shirk

Tawakkul, Eemaan (Faith) and righteous actions

  • Allah has made dependence on Him and trust in Him a condition of Eemaan (Faith) and Islam
  • Allah says: “You (Alone) we worship, and you (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything).” [Surah Al-Fatiha (The Opening) verse 5]
  • Many righteous actions emanate from having Tawakkul in Allah
  • What did Ibn Taymiyyah say about this matter?
  • Allah says: “(He Alone is) the Lord of the east and the west, La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He). So take Him Alone as Wakil (Disposer of your affairs).” [Surah Al-Muzammil (The One Wrapped in Garments), verse 9]
  • There are many verses in the Qur’an
  • Allah says: “And He will provide him from (sources) he never could imagine. And whosoever puts his trust in Allah, then He will suffice him. Verily, Allah will accomplish his purpose. Indeed Allah has set a measure for all things.” [Surah At-Talaq (The Divorce), verse 3]
  • Statement of Ibnul Qayyim about verse in Surah
  • When Eemaan becomes weak, then Tawakkul will be weakened and vice versa
  • Tawakkul in Allah is a basis for good Eemaan and righteous actions

Having Tawakkul in Allah is a sign of the believers

  • Allah says: “The believers are only those who, when Allah is mentioned, feel a fear in their hearts and when His Verses (this Quran) are recited unto them, they (i.e. the Verses) increase their Faith; and they put their trust in their Lord (Alone);” [Surah Al-Anfal (The Spoils of War) , verse 2]
  • There is an excellent example for us in the Tawakkul that the Prophets and Messengers had in Allah
  • The story of Musa (Moses), may peace be upon him
  • Trials and tribulations

Q&A:

  • Recap of the three types
  • What about the position of those who make dua through other than Allah and claim they do not actually call on them directly?
  • Good books to refer to for more details