Forty Hadith: Lesson 40

Sun 20 Oct 2019

Lesson 40: Hadith 26 & 27

Hadith 26

  • Abu Hurayrah – may Allah be pleased with him – said: Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said: “Every joint in man has upon it charity every day the sun rises: Administering justice between any two is charity, assisting a man to mount his ride or helping him raise his effects upon it is charity. A nice word is charity, and every step you take going to (perform) the Prayer is charity, and removing harmful things from the way is charity.” [Al-Bukhari] [Muslim]
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into 3 parts
  • We did part 1 in the previous Lesson: Recap
  • The number of joints in the human body is 360 in number
  • Giving precedence to the word of the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) above and beyond anyone else
  • The weakness and misguidance of some Muslim theologians and academics in this regard
  • Why is there a charity due upon our joints?
  • The two rak’aat of the duha prayer (forenoon)

Part 2: Different forms of charity

  • Every single act of worship a person does is a sadaqah (charity)
  • Examples given by the Prophet (ﷺ)
  • Charity can be divided into two parts:
    • The benefit is Limited to yourself only, e.g. the prayer 
    • The benefit of the charity extends to others too
  • Both forms of charity are legitimate
  • Charity can also be categorised as statement based or action based
  • What is meant by a goodly word?
  • Bringing about reconciliation and the importance of doing this only when one has the ability to carry this out, i.e. not just jumping into it but rather using wisdom

Part 3: Summary of Benefits

  • 1. There is a charity due upon every single joint of the human being every day
  • 2. Bringing about reconciliation between two people
  • 3. The Muslim is encouraged to help others
  • 4. An encouragement to engage in good speech
  • 5. The virtue of walking to the mosque
  • 6. The virtue of removing something harmful from the path

Hadith 27

  • An-Nawwās bin Sam’ān – may Allah be pleased with him – said: the Prophet (ﷺ) said: “Piety is noble character; but sin is what comes to your mind and you dislike that the people become aware of it.” [Muslim]
  • Wabişah bin Ma’bad – may Allah be pleased with him – said: I came to Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) and he said: “You came to enquire about piety?” I said; Yes. He said: “Search your mind; piety is what the soul is at ease with and the heart finds tranquility in. But sin is what occurs to the mind and brings hesitation in the heart even when the people give you rulings, telling you what to do.” 
  • A Hasan Hadīth; we were given the report from the Musnad of the two great Scholars: Ahmad bin Hanbal and Ad-Darimi, with a Hasan chain of transmission.
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into 8 parts
  • Some important clarifications:
    • The Prophet (ﷺ) said that sin is those things which you would dislike the people becoming aware of. Does this mean our reference point for defining sins is the outlook of society? NO. Sins are defined legally in the legislation of the shariah, however it is a sign of a sin that a person disliked others finding out about it or becoming hesitant about it, this is therefore an indication for you not to do it even if you do not know its exact ruling until you find out.
    • What if something is Halal in the shariah, but he is hesitant about it? What then?
    • Who does this Hadith apply to? The Prophet (ﷺ) said this statement to a person of Faith and piety, therefore this Hadith DOES NOT apply to those who sin openly and have no shame, for them they cannot use this Hadith as an excuse to redefine sins for themselves

Q&A: 

  • Is Hadith 27 concerning a guilty conscious?

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