40 Hadith: Lesson 35
Sun 8 Sep 2019
- On the authority of Abu Malik al-Harith bin Asim al-Asharee (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: “The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “Purification is half of iman (faith). ‘Al-hamdu lillah’ fills the scales, and ‘subhan-Allah and ‘Al-hamdulillah’ fill that which is between heaven and earth. And the Prayer is a Nuur (light), and charity is a proof, and patience is a Dhiyaa (light), and the Qur’an is a proof for you or against you. Every person starts his day as a vendor of his soul, either freeing it or destroying it.” [Muslim]
- The explanation of this hadith is split into 8 parts
Part 1: Regarding The Prophet’s (ﷺ) statement ”Purification is half of iman (faith)”
- What is meant by the word “Purification”
- The virtue of wudhu
Part 2: ‘Al-hamdulillah’ fills the scales, and ‘subhan-Allah and ‘Al-hamdulillah’ fill that which is between heaven and earth”
- The words used by the Prophet (ﷺ)
- What is the meaning of this statement?
- This is an encouragement for one to make praise of Allah and glorify Him
- How does one praise Allah, why do we praise Allah subhaanahu wata’aalaa
- Reflecting upon the names of Allah
- Reflecting upon the blessings of Allah
- What is the difference between praising Allah and glorifying him? Which of the two is more virtuous?
Part 3: “and the Prayer is a Nūr (light)”
- The virtue of the prayer
- Warning against abandoning the prayer
- Praying in congregation
- Importance of praying in a mosque of Sunnah and with the people of Sunnah
- What did the Prophet (ﷺ) mean by “prayer is a light”?
Part 4: “and charity is a proof”
- Virtue of charity
- What is charity an evidence for?
Part 5: “and patience is a Dhiyā (light)”
- What are the 3 types of patience?
- Patience in what Allah has commanded
- Patience in staying away from what Allah has prohibited
- Patience in the trials and tribulations of life
- What is the difference between the way the prayer was described and how charity was described?
- Why is this distinction important?