40 Hadith: Lesson 35

Sun 8 Sep 2019

Hadith 23

  • On the authority of Abu Malik al-Harith bin Asim al-Asharee (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: “The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “Purification is half of iman (faith). ‘Al-hamdu lillah’ fills the scales, and ‘subhan-Allah and ‘Al-hamdulillah’ fill that which is between heaven and earth. And the Prayer is a Nuur (light), and charity is a proof, and patience is a Dhiyaa (light), and the Qur’an is a proof for you or against you. Every person starts his day as a vendor of his soul, either freeing it or destroying it.” [Muslim]
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into 8 parts

Part 1: Regarding The Prophet’s (ﷺ) statement ”Purification is half of iman (faith)

  • What is meant by the word “Purification”
  • The virtue of wudhu

Part 2: ‘Al-hamdulillah’ fills the scales, and ‘subhan-Allah and ‘Al-hamdulillah’ fill that which is between heaven and earth

  • The words used by the Prophet (ﷺ) 
  • What is the meaning of this statement?
  • This is an encouragement for one to make praise of Allah and glorify Him
  • How does one praise Allah, why do we praise Allah subhaanahu wata’aalaa
  • Reflecting upon the names of Allah
  • Reflecting upon the blessings of Allah
  • What is the difference between praising Allah and glorifying him? Which of the two is more virtuous?

Part 3: “and the Prayer is a Nūr (light)”

  • The virtue of the prayer
  • Warning against abandoning the prayer
  • Praying in congregation
  • Importance of praying in a mosque of Sunnah and with the people of Sunnah
  • What did the Prophet (ﷺ) mean by “prayer is a light”?

Part 4: “and charity is a proof” 

  • Virtue of charity
  • What is charity an evidence for?

Part 5: “and patience is a Dhiyā (light)”

  • What are the 3 types of patience?
    • Patience in what Allah has commanded
    • Patience in staying away from what Allah has prohibited
    • Patience in the trials and tribulations of life
  • What is the difference between the way the prayer was described and how charity was described?
  • Why is this distinction important?


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