40 Hadith: Lesson 34

Sun 1st Sep 2019

Hadith 22

  • On the authority of Abu Abdullah Jabir bin Abdullah al-Ansaree (may Allah be pleased with him) that: A man questioned the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) and said, “Do you see that if I perform the obligatory prayers, fast in Ramadhan, treat as lawful that which is halal, and treat as forbidden that which is haram, and do not increase upon that in anything, will I enter Paradise?” He (ﷺ) replied, “Yes.” [Muslim]
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into 5 parts
  • We did parts 1-3 in the previous lesson

Part 4: Voluntary Actions

  • In this hadith the man asks the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) regarding the obligatory matters but does not ask about the optional things e.g. optional prayers and optional fasts
  • A person who fulfills the obligatory matters and does nothing extra, then he or she will enter Paradise
  • However why should you perform the voluntary acts? It is correct for someone to neglect them? 
  • A person should not become lazy
  • Allah describes three types of Muslims
  • Allah says: “Then We gave the Book the Quran) for inheritance to such of Our slaves whom We chose (the followers of Muhammad (ﷺ)). Then of them are some who wrong their ownselves, and of them are some who follow a middle course, and of them are some who are, by Allah’s Leave, foremost in good deeds. That (inheritance of the Quran), that is indeed a great grace.” [Surah Al-Fatir (The Originator of Creation, or The Angels) verse 32]
  • What are these three groups? Will they all enter Paradise
  • Question: Regarding sins (minor vs major) and repentance

Part 5: Importance of treating the Halal as Halal and the Haram as Haram

  • Only Allah has the right to designate something as Halal (permissible) or Haram (impermissible)
  • Therefore those matters which Allah has made Halal then we treat them as, and believe them to be, Halal and that which Allah has made Haram then we treat them as, and believe them to be, Haram
  • If a person commits a Haram act, for example drinking Alcohol, but he knows it is Haram then he will get sin for it but it is not an act of disbelief
  • However, if a person claims something which is Haraam to be Halal or he claims something which is Halal to be Haraam, then this is an act of disbelief
  • NOTE: if a person commits an act of Disbelief then he is not necessarily a disbeliever as he may have done it out of ignorance however this is still very dangerous 
  • Those who mislead others in this aspect and claim to have knowledge

The Mistake of the Sufiyya

  • Many of the Sufis claim that we should only worship Allah out of love alone, i.e. not out of any Fear or Hope
  • Example of this Hadith shows that the companion had Hope in Paradise
  • The mistake of the sufis (i.e. base worship on Love alone) is the same mistake of the Christians
  • We must balance our worship between Love for Allah, Fear of His punishment and Hope in His Mercy
  • Example of Ibrahim (may peace be upon him) 

Part 5: Summary of Benefits

  • 1. The keenness of the companions in wanting to know those actions that can enter them into Paradise
  • 2. Actions are a cause or means of entering Paradise
  • 3. The importance of the five daily prayers
  • 4. In this Hadith there is importance of fasting the month of Ramadan has been highlighted
  • 5.Treating the Halal as Halal and the Haram as Haram
  • 6. Refutation of those (Sufis) who claim that we should only worship Allah out of Love and nothing else (i.e. no Fear of His Punishment or Hope for His Mercy)

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