40 Hadith: Lesson 26

Sun 5th May 2019

Lesson 26: Backbiting, Importance of Being good to one’s neighbor, and is Humour allowed?

Hadith 15

  • On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him), that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day then let him speak good, or keep silent; and whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day then let him honour his neighbour; and whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day then let him honour his guest.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari & Muslim]
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into 6 parts
  • Recap, we did parts 1-4 during lesson 25:
    • Part 1: The Prophet (ﷺ) mentioned Iman (belief) in Allah and the Last Day alongside these good deeds
    • Part 2: Quotes from the Imams and scholars of the past
    • Part 3: What meaning does the word “khair” (Good) carry?
    • Part 4: “Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day then let him honour his neighbour”

Backbiting

  • Why is backbiting so repulsive and warned against in Islam?
  • What is its definition?
  • How did the Salaf treat backbiting?
  • Question: What about when trying to describe a person with an adjective?
  • Are there any exceptions for backbiting?

Being good to your neighbor

  • Hadith of Abu Hurairah [Al-Adab al-Mufrad, declared Hasan by Imam Al-Albani]
    • The narration of the man who was harmed by his neighbour

Joking and Humour

  • Generally speaking, the rule is to say what is good or to keep silent?
  • Is it allowed for a Muslim to engage in banter and humour? Are there limitations?
  • Why do people joke?
    • 1. For relaxation
    • 2. To make others happy or lighten their spirits/mood
  • Examples from the Sunnah
  • How would the Prophet (ﷺ) smile?, what were his habits when laughing?, what wouldn’t he do when laughing?
  • Examples from the companions (may Allah be pleased with them all)
  • a

Q&A:

  • What is An-Nameema (Gossiping, tale-carrying)? Is it worse than backbiting?
  • How should one rectify backbiting?

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