40 Hadith: Lesson 25

Sun 21 April 2019

Lesson 25: Hadith 15 (Parts 1-4)

Hadith 15

  • On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him), that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day then let him speak good, or keep silent; and whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day then let him honour his neighbour; and whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day then let him honour his guest.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari & Muslim]
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into 6 parts

Part 1: The Prophet (ﷺ) mentioned Iman (belief) in Allah and the Last Day alongside these good deeds

  • Belief in Allah is the basis for every other required belief (e.g. in his Angels, books etc)
  • Why did the Prophet (ﷺ) mention belief in the Last Day?

Part 2: Quotes from Imams

  • Statement of Imam Shaafi’i (may Allah have mercy upon him) regarding the meaning of this hadith
  • Thinking before speaking
  • Statement of Imam Al-Hasan Al-Basri (may Allah have mercy upon him)
    • Which generation was Imam Al-Hasan Al-Basri from?
    • What did he say about the tongue of the wise one?
    • What did he say about the foolish one?
  • Statement of Imam Abu Muhammad Ibn Abi Zaid (may Allah have mercy upon him)
    • All goodly manners branch out from 4 ahadith, which ones are they?
  • Good manners are based upon four pillars:
    • Protecting your tongue
    • Leaving off excessive matters and those things that do not concern you
    • To not be driven by your Impulses
    • To have a clean heart
  • Quote from Imam Nawawi (may Allah have mercy upon him)

Part 3: What meaning does the word “khair” (Good) carry?

  • It can mean the opposite of evil, therefore good
  • However it can also be used as a superlative, i.e the best

Part 4: “whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day then let him honour his neighbour

  • A person should honour his guest and not harm them
  • The hadith of ‘A’isha (may Allah be pleased with her)
  • The importance that the Prophet (ﷺ) placed upon being good to one’s neighbour
  • What are the 3 types of neighbours? What are their rights?
  • Hadith of Al-Hasan Al-Basri (may Allah be pleased with him)
    • What defines a neighbour?
  • Hadith of Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him)
    • The great consequence of harming one’s neighbour
    • The reward of not harming others
  • Allah Says:”O you who believe! Avoid much suspicions, indeed some suspicions are sins. And spy not, neither backbite one another. Would one of you like to eat the flesh of his dead brother? You would hate it (so hate backbiting). And fear Allah. Verily, Allah is the One Who accepts repentance, Most Merciful.” [Surah Hujaraat (The Dwellings) 12]
  • Why is backbiting likened to eating the flesh of your dead brother?
  • Statement of Shaykh al-Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy upon him)

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