40 adith: Lesson 21

Sun 3 Mar 2019

Lesson 21: Hadith 13 (Part 1)

  • Recap of last lesson (Hadith 11 and 12)
  • Statement of Ibn Rajab and Imam Ahmed (may Allah have mercy on them both)
  • What does it mean that a person should leave that which does not concern him? How does one decide what concerns him?
  • What is “ihsaan”?
  • Benefits of Hadith 12:
    • 1. A person is meant to leave alone those things which do not concern him
    • 2. A person preoccupied himself with those things which do concern him
    • 3. By way of a person leaving those things which he is not meant to have concern for, then in this there is a peace of mind and preservation of his time and honour
    • 4. People are of varying degrees as far as their deen is concerned

Hadith 13

  • On the authority of Abu Hamzah Anas bin Malik (may Allah be pleased with him), the servant of the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ), that the Prophet (ﷺ) said: “None of you [truly] believes until he loves for his brother that which he loves for himself.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari & Muslim]
  • What does it mean “None of you [truly] believes…”?
    • Perfection of eemaan (Belief) is of two types
      • A mandatory level,
      • A recommended, non obligatory level
  • What is the Prophet (ﷺ) referring to when he says this?
  • If a person does not fulfil this (i.e. that he loves for his brother what he loves for himself), then his belief is deficient, but he is still a Muslim
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into 3 parts

Part 1: Negation of Belief unless this condition is met

  • In this narration, there is a negation of the obligatory perfection of a person’s eemaan (Belief) until he loves for his brother what he loves for his own self
  • Hadith of Abdullaah Ibn Amr Ibn Al-’Aas (may Allah be pleased with him) [Sahih Muslim]
  • Principles when dealing with other people
  • Treating others as you would wish to be treated yourself
  • Allah says in the Qur’an: “Woe to Al-Mutaffifin [those who give less in measure and weight (decrease the rights of others)], Those who, when they have to receive by measure from men, demand full measure, And when they have to give by measure or weight to men, give less than due.” [Surah Al-Mudaffifiin (Those Who Deal in Fraud) verses 1-3]

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