Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 46

Sat 2 Mar 2019

Lesson 46: Supplications at the end of the prayer

Dua between the Tashahud and the final Tasleem

  • Indeed from amongst the places where a muslim is recommended to make use of dua is that part of the prayer which is between the final tashahud and the tasleem
  • Hadith of Abdullaah Ibn Mas’ud (may Allah be pleased with him) [Sahih Al-Bukhari & Muslim]
    • The person should select a dua (supplication) suitable and desirable to him/her before giving the final tasleem
  • Ideally within this time one should make supplication with dua which are mentioned in the Sunnah, but if you were to make other dua of your own then there is no problem with this
  • Abu Huraira (may Allah be pleased with him) [Sahih Al-Bukhari & Muslim]
    • Supplication: “Allaahumma innee a’uudhu bika min ‘adhaabi jahannam (O Allah! Indeed I seek refuge with You from the torment of the Hell), wa min ‘adhaabil qabr (and from the torment of the grave), wa min fitnatil mahyaa wal mamaat (and from the trials of life and death), wa min sharri fitnatil masiih-ad-dajjaal (and from the evil of the trial of the Antichrist)”
    • Some scholars hold the opinion that reading this supplication is obligatory at the end of the prayer, however the majority of scholars hold the opinion that it is liked (mustahab) and not obligatory
    • What does this supplication mean?
      • Why is hell-fire called “Jahannam”? What does this mean?
      • What is the punishment of the grave?
      • What is meant by the trial of life and death?
      • What is the trial of Masiih-ad-Dajjal (The Antichrist)? Why does he have this name? What are the major signs of the hour?
  • Hadith of ‘Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) [Sahih Al-Bukhari & Muslim]
    • Supplication: “Allaahumma innee a’uudhu bika min ‘adhaabil Qabr (O Allah! Indeed I seek refuge with You from the torment of the grave), wa a’uudhu bika min fitnatil masiih-ad-dajjaal (and I seek refuge with You from the trial of the Antichrist), wa a’uudhu bika min fitnatil mahyaa wa fitnatil mamaat (and I seek refuge with You from the trials of life and the trials of death), Allaahumma innee a’uudhu bika minal Ma’thami wal maghram (O Allah! I seek refuge with You from sinning and transgressing/oppressing others’ rights)”
    • What does this dua mean?
  • Hadith of Ali Ibn Abi Taalib (may Allah be pleased with him) [Sahih Muslim]
    • Supplication: Allaahummaghfirlii maa qaddamtu wa maa akhartu (O Allah! Forgive me for what I done, before and after), wa maa asrartu wa maa a’lantu (and that which I have kept secret and that which I have done openly), wa maa asraftu (and that which I have gone into excess with), wa maa anta a’lamu bihi minnii (and what You know about more than me), antal muqaddimu wa antal mu’akhiru (You are the One Who sends forth and the One Who delays), laa ilaaha illaa anta (There is no deity worthy of worship in truth except You)
  • There are duas mentioned which can be read in the prayer but where they are read is not stated (e.g. in prostration or before the final tasleem)
  • Hadith of Abu Bakr As-Siddiiq (may Allah be pleased with him) [Sahih Al-Bukhari & Muslim]
    • Supplication: Allaahumma innii dhalamtu nafsii dhulman kathiiraa (O Allah! Indeed I have wronged myself a great amount), wa laa yaghfiru-dhunuuba illaa anta (and no one forgives the sins except You), faghfirlii maghfirantan min ‘indika (So forgive for me a great forgiveness from Yourself), warhamnii innaka antal ghafuurur-Raheem (and have mercy upon me, indeed you are the one who is the All-Forgiving, the Most-Merciful)

Supplication to be read when the prayer has finished

  • There are many narrations about this
  • From among these is the Hadith of Thawbaan (may Allah be pleased with him) [Sahih Muslim]
    • When the Prophet would (ﷺ) finished the prayer he would seek forgiveness from Allah (by saying “Astaghfirullaah”) and then he would read the supplication below:
    • Supplication: Allaahumma anta As-salaam (Oh Allah! You are As-Salaam), wa minka-salaam (and from You comes safety and security), tabaarakta dhal jalaali wal ikraam (You are blessed, the one who has Might and Majesty)
    • Why does one seek forgiveness after performing the prayer?

Q&A

  • Is it correct to raise the hands when reading these supplications after the prayer?
  • Is a mother allowed to hit a child with a stick?
  • After the prayer is finished, is the Imam supposed to turn around and face the people?

NOTE: Saturday 30th March there is a Conference in Liverpool insha Allah

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