40 Hadith: Lesson 18

Sun 10 Feb 2019

Lesson 18: Hadith 9 (Part 1-8)

Hadith 9

  • On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him): I heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) say, “What I have forbidden for you, then refrain from it. And whatever I have ordered you [to do], do as much of it as you are able. For indeed, it was only the excessive questioning and their differing with their Prophets that destroyed those who were before you.” [Bukhari & Muslim]
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into 8 parts

Part 1: The context of this narration

  • Why did the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) make this statement?
  • The hadith of Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) [Sahih Muslim]
  • Sufficing with what the Prophet (ﷺ) has left with us

Part 2: The statement of the Prophet (ﷺ) “What I have forbidden for you, then refrain from it. And whatever I have ordered you [to do], do as much of it as you are able”

  • We find in this statement that:
    • What the Prophet (ﷺ) has commanding, then you do this but it has a condition. You should only do what you have the ability to do. Command is tied to ability
    • What the Prophet (ﷺ) prohibited, then there is no condition or limitation on this at all
    • Why is this so?

Part 3: Leaving off the prohibited matters

  • Prohibited matters are refrained from and remain prohibited and nothing is an exception to this unless there is a necessity#
  • Example
  • NOTE: the Prophet (ﷺ) did not say “what I have forbidden you then leave it” rather he used the words “refrain from it”, what is the difference?

Part 4: Haraam vs Makruuh

  • When the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) informs us not to do something then it could either be Haraam (prohibited) or makruuh (disliked)
  • It becomes obligatory to keep away from matters when they are haraam (prohibited)
  • When a matter is makruuh (disliked), then it is better for you not to do it, but it is not obligatory

Part 5: Ability

  • What a person has been commanded to do, then he does this within his capacity
  • Example

Part 6: The statement of the Prophet (ﷺ) “For indeed, it was only the excessive questioning and their differing with their Prophets that destroyed those who were before you”

  • What was the form of questioning that the Prophet (ﷺ) was prohibiting?
  • Excessive, unnecessary questioning during the life of the Prophet (ﷺ) and after his death

Part 7: Ibn Rajab’s statement

  • People, as far as questioning is concerned, can be divided into groups:
    • Those who go to the extreme by closing the door to all forms of questioning
    • Those who go to the extreme by going into excessive questioning
  • Ibn Rajab’s statement regarding this issue of questioning and sufficing with what the Prophet has left us (ﷺ)
  • Excessive questioning in our time
    • Regarding Allah’s attributes
    • Regarding the Qur’an
    • Regarding tyrannical, oppressive rulers
  • The one who is satisfied with the sunnah, then it is enough for him