Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 43

Sat 2 Feb 2019

Lesson 43: Supplication for opening the prayer, rukuu’ (bowing) and sujuud (Prostration)

  • There are different supplications for opening the prayer
  • How should one read the opening supplication?
    • One is allowed to read different opening supplications i.e. you are not limited to only reading one every time you pray, rather you can pick different ones however you should not read more than one in one prayer

First Dua

  • Hadith of Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) [Bukhari and Muslim]
    • The supplication is read between the opening takbir and before beginning to recite Surah Al-Fatiha
    • What was the supplication mentioned in this hadith?
      • Supplication: Allaahumma baa`id bainii wa baina khadaayaaya kama baa`adta bainal-mashriqi wal maghrib, Allaahumma naqqinii min khadaayaaya kamaa yunaqqa-thawbul abyadhu minaddanas, Allaahummaghsilnii min khafāyāya bi-thalji wal-maa’i wal-barad
      • Translation: O Allah! distance/separate me and my sins as You have distanced between the east and the west, O Allah! Purify me from my sins just as a white thawb (garment) is purified from its dirt/stains, O Allah, wash me of my sins with Ice, water, and snow
    • Question: Why are cold materials mentioned? We normally wash things with warm water

Second Dua

  • Hadith of ‘Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) and others [Reported in Sunan Abu Dawud as well as Sahih Muslim with a different chain of narration]
    • Supplication: Subhaanaka Allaahumma wa bihamdika, wa tabaarakasmuka, wa ta’aala jadduka, wa laa ilaaha ghairuk
    • Translation: Glorified (and Exalted, may you be far removed from any deficiency) be you O Allah, and Your praise, and Blessed is Your Name, and Exalted (and most high) is Your Majesty, and none has the right to be worshipped but You
  • This dua has all the categories of tawheed and is full of praise

Third Dua

  • Hadith of Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) [Sahih Muslim]
    • Supplication: Allaahu Akbaru Kabiiran, wal hamdulillaahi kathiiran wa subhaanallaahi bukratan wa asiilan
    • Translation: Allah is the Greatest, and praise be to Allah in abundance, and Glory be to Allah in the morning and the evening

Fourth Hadith

  • Hadith of Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) [Sahih Muslim]
    • Supplication: Wajahtu wajhiya lilladhii fataras-samaawaatiwal-ardi haniifa wa maa ana minal-mushrikin. Inna salaatii wa nusukii wa mahyaaya wa mamaatii lillaahi rabbil-aalamin, laa shariika lahu, wa bidhaalika umirtu wa ana minal-muslimiin. Allahumma! Antal-maliku laa ilaaha illaa ant, anta rabii wa ana ‘abduka, dhalamtu nafsii wa’taraftu bidhanbii faghfirlii dhunubii jamii’aa, innahu laa yaghfirudhunuuba illaa anta, wahdinii li-ahsanil-ahklaaq, la yahdii li ahsaniha illaa ant, wasrif ‘annii sayyi’aha la yasrifu annii sayyi’aha illa ant, labaika wa sa’daik, wal-khairu kulluhu fii yadaik, wash-sharru laisa ilaik, ana bika wa ilaika, tabaarkta wa ta’aalaita, astaghfiruka wa atuubu ilaik
    • Translation: I have turned my face toward Him who created the Heavens and the Earth hanifa (in Tawheed, worshipping none but Allah Alone), and I am not of the polytheists. Indeed, my prayer, my sacrifice, my living, and my dying are for Allah, the Lord of the all of creation. He has no partner. And of this I have been commanded, and I am from the Muslims. O Allah, You are the King and there is no deity worthy of worship but You. You are my Lord and I am Your slave, I have wronged myself and I acknowledge my sin so forgive me all my sins for no one forgives sins but You. Guide me to the best of manners for none can guide to the best of them but You. And avert me from the bad manners for none can avert against them but You. I am here at Your service. All goodness is in Your hands, and evil is not attributed to You. I am for You and to You, blessed and Most High are You, I seek Your forgiveness and repent to You

General points

  • Question: should the Imam take the people behind him into consideration when picking these opening supplications
  • Question: out of these four, which one did the Prophet (ﷺ) used to start with? Did he used to stick one particular one?

Supplications that can be done in the Ruku’ (Bowing) and in the Sujuud (Prostrations), and when sitting between the prostrations

  • Hadith of Hudhaifah (may Allah be pleased with him)
  • Supplication in the Rukuu’ (bowing): Subhana Rabbiyal-Adheem (Glorified (and Exalted) be my Lord the Supreme)
  • Supplication in the Sujuud (Prostration): Subhana Rabbiyal-A’laa (Glorified (and Exalted) be my Lord the Most High)
  • Why are the supplications for bowing and prostration like this?
  • What are some other supplications which can be read in the bowing and prostration?

Q&A:

  • What are the supplications to be read in the sitting position (i.e. between the two prostrations)?
  • How many times can you read supplications in the rukuu’ or sujuud?
  • How much Qur’an should be read in each rak’ah of the prayer? Should you read one full chapter? Should you read in the order of the Qur’an?
  • If a person comes late to the prayer and the Imam is in the rukuu’, can he go straight into the rukuu’ or should he say the opening takbir whilst standing straight? Does he have to say Allaahu akbar again to go down?

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