40 Hadith: Lesson 16

Sunday 20 Jan 2019

Lesson 16: Hadith 6 (Parts 5-6), Hadith 7 (Parts 1-3) and Hadith 8 (Part 1)

Hadith 6

  • On the authority of an-Nu’man ibn Basheer (may Allah be pleased with him), who said: “I heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) say, “That which is lawful is clear and that which is unlawful is clear, and between the two of them are doubtful matters about which many people do not know. Thus he who avoids doubtful matters has cleared himself in regard to his religion and his honor, and he who falls into doubtful matters falls into that which is unlawful, like the shepherd who pastures around a sanctuary, is likely to indulge freely grazing therein. Truly every king has a sanctuary, and truly Allah’s sanctuary is His prohibitions. Verily in the body there is a morsel of flesh that if it is correct, then the whole of the body is is set aright, and if it is corrupt, the body is corrupt, Indeed, it is the heart.” [Bukhari & Muslim]
  • This hadith has 6 parts in its explanation
  • Last lesson we covered Parts 1-4

Part 5: Narration from the children among the companions

  • The narrator of this hadith was an-Nu’man ibn Basheer (may Allah be pleased with him)
  • He was 8 years old when the Prophet (ﷺ) passed away, he narrated this hadith when was older
  • However He says that he heard this narration from the Prophet (ﷺ), therefore he was a young boy at the time of hearing it
  • This shows that the narration of a child companion is accepted

Part 6: Summary of benefits

  • 1. This hadith divides the matters into those that are clearly halal, clearly haraam or doubtful
  • 2. That matters which are doubtful, then most of the people do not know about the rulings concerning doubtful matters
  • 3. This hadith highlights that we should leave doubtful matters until they become clear
  • 4. The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) uses a physical example (i.e. of the Shepherd) to strike an example of a metaphorical matter
  • 5. If a person falls into matters which are doubtful, then it is possible for him to fall into the clearly haraam matters
  • 6. This hadith highlights the great station of the heart
  • 7. External corruption is an indication of internal corruption
  • 8. By keeping away from doubtful matters, you are protecting your religion and honour

Hadith 7

  • On the authority of Tameem ibn Aus ad-Daree (may Allah be pleased with him): “The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “The deen (religion) is naseehah (sincerity).” We said, “To whom?” He (ﷺ) said, “To Allah, His Book, His Messenger, and to the leaders of the Muslims and their common folk.” [Muslim]
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into 3 parts

Part 1: What is An-Naseehah?

  • Linguistically, it means to be pure, sincere, unpolluted
  • The statement of the Prophet (ﷺ) “The deen (religion) is naseehah” shows the great importance of naseehah

Part 2: What is An-Naseehah to Allah, His Book, His Messenger, to the leaders of the Muslims and their common folk?

  • Naseehah to Allah
  • His Book
  • His Messenger
  • To the leaders of the Muslims
  • Their common folk

Part 3: Summary of Benefits

  • 1. It clarifies the great station of naseeha in our religion  
  • 2. We were told to whom the naseeha is directed towards
  • 3. Encourages us to direct the naseeha towards the five mentioned things in the hadith
  • 4. Keenness of the companions to learn their religion
  • 5. The word ‘deen’ is used in reference to actions

Hadith 8

  • On the authority of Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him): The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “I have been ordered to fight the people until they testify that none has the right to be worshiped in truth except Allah, and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, and to establish the prayer and pay the zakat. If they do that then their blood and wealth are safe from me except for the right of Islam, and their reckoning is with Allah, The Exalted.” [Bukhari & Muslim]
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into 7 parts

Part 1: The statement of the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) “I have been ordered to fight the people…”

  • When the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) says “I have been ordered” then this refers to Allah
  • When the companions say they have been commanded, then that is by the Prophet (ﷺ)
  • The Prophet (ﷺ) used the word “fight” and not “kill”, this is significant as the word “fight” here is used to mean fighting against an enemy which is fighting you whereas the verb “kill” can be used against innocent people
  • The Prophet (ﷺ) used the definitive article “the” when referring to “the people” he is fighting, this is in reference to those who were fighting against the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ)
  • Modern day terrorism and professional haters of Islam
  • Misuse of the Qur’anic verses below
  • Qur’an Verse: “And fight in the Way of Allah those who fight you, but transgress not the limits. Truly, Allah likes not the transgressors. [This Verse is the first one that was revealed in connection with Jihad, but it was supplemented by another (V. 9:36)].” [Surah Baqarah (The Cow) verse 190]
  • Qur’an Verse: “And kill them wherever you find them, and turn them out from where they have turned you out. And Al-Fitnah is worse than killing. And fight not with them at Al-Masjid-al-Haram (the sanctuary at Makkah), unless they (first) fight you there. But if they attack you, then kill them. Such is the recompense of the disbelievers.[Surah Baqarah (The Cow) verse 191]
  • Qur’an Verse: “But if they cease, then Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” [Surah Baqarah (The Cow) verse 192]
  • These verses are often misused by both the khawarij and the right-wing haters in the same manner, i.e. they selective use the first few words of verse 191 to suggest that this applies to any and all people regardless of context
  • However if one reads the verses before and after you would realise that this is in the context of war against the people who persecuted and drove the Muslims out of their homes
  • The deception that Islam was spread by the sword
  • The honesty, integrity and kindness of the Muslims
  • Important aspects of Islamic history and how Islam was actually spread through the world

Next Week: Continue with Hadith 8

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