40 Hadith: Lesson 15

Sunday 13 Jan 2019

Lesson 15: Hadith 5 (Part 9) and Hadith 6 (Part 1-4)

  • Recap of Hadith 5
    • On the authority of the mother of the faithful, Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her), who said: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “Whoever introduces something into this affair of ours that is not from it, then it is rejected” [Bukhari & Muslim] In another version in Muslim it reads: “Whoever does an action that is not from our affair, then it is rejected”
  • Determining the validity of actions
  • The Innovator and the one who follows him
  • Explicit and Implied meaning of this hadith

Part 9: Summary of benefits of Hadith 5

  • 1. This hadith indicates the prohibition and the impermissibility of innovation within the religion
  • 2. The innovated action is not accepted
  • 3. An action is considered invalid if it was not based on the sharia
  • 4. A righteous deed which is performed not in accordance with the legislation becomes invalid
  • 5. Regardless of the ruling that a judge may give, then this does not change the reality of the legislation
  • 6. A transaction which is not legislated is invalid and the items which were taken based on that transaction, then those items are to be returned to their previous owner

Hadith 6

  • On the authority of an-Nu’man ibn Basheer (may Allah be pleased with him), who said: “I heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) say, “That which is lawful is clear and that which is unlawful is clear, and between the two of them are doubtful matters about which many people do not know. Thus he who avoids doubtful matters has cleared himself in regard to his religion and his honor, and he who falls into doubtful matters falls into that which is unlawful, like the shepherd who pastures around a sanctuary, is likely to indulge freely grazing therein. Truly every king has a sanctuary, and truly Allah’s sanctuary is His prohibitions. Verily in the body there is a morsel of flesh that if it is correct, then the whole of the body is is set aright, and if it is corrupt, the body is corrupt, Indeed, it is the heart.” [Bukhari & Muslim]
  • This hadith has 6 parts in its explanation

Part 1: Clarity of matters

  • Matters have been divided into three categories in regards to their legality
    • Clearly Permissible (Halaal)
    • Clearly Forbidden (Haraam)
    • Doubtful matters
  • Question: if there are differences of opinion among the scholars on a matter, is this a doubtful matter?
  • Question: What should one do if he has a doubt regarding a matter?

Part 2: Avoiding doubtful matters

  • The Prophet (ﷺ) said “he who avoids doubtful matters has cleared himself in regard to his religion and his honor” in the above hadith
  • As a result of keeping away from the doubtful matters, then you have safeguarded yourself concerning what is between yourself and Allah, and you have also kept yourself safe in regards to what is between yourself and the people
  • If a person does go into a doubtful matter, then this could eventually lead him towards falling into the matters which are clearly prohibited (Haraam)
  • The example of the shepherd and the sanctuary

Part 3: The Heart

  • The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said “Verily in the body there is a morsel of flesh that if it is sound, all of the body is sound, and which, if it is corrupt, all of the body is corrupt, Truly, it is the heart.”
  • The important of the heart

Part 4: Falling into the doubtful matters

  • The Prophet (ﷺ) said “and he who falls into doubtful matters falls into that which is unlawful”
  • Imam Nawawi mentions this can mean two things:
    • The one who falls into the prohibited matters but still thinks that what he is doing is permissible
    • The one who falls into doubtful matters then this will lead him to eventually falling into the prohibited matters#
  • Importance of not being complacent
  • Sin leads to disbelief eventually, what is the evidence of this from the Qur’an and Sunnah?

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