Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 40

Sat 14 Jan 2019

Lesson 40: Mannerisms of using the Toilet

  • In the sunnah we find that mannerisms of entering, using and exiting the bathroom have been mentioned
  • A muslim should be upon cleanliness and purity
  • The Hadith of Salmān Al-Fārisi (may Allah be pleased with him)
    • One should not use his right hand to clean himself, nor face the Qiblah when answering the call of nature, nor use less than three stones when cleaning oneself nor should one use dried dung or bones
    • Non muslims may not understand these matters and indeed some may try to mock these

1. When Entering the Bathroom

  • Hadith of Anas Ibn Mālik (may Allah be pleased with him) (Bukhari & Muslim)
  • It is recommended that a Muslim when he enters the bathroom he should say “Bismillaah Allaahumma innee a’uudhubika minal khubuthi wal khabaa’ith” (In the Name of Allah, Oh Allah I seek refuge with you from the male and female evil devils among the Jinn)
  • What does “khubuth” and “Khabaa’ith” mean?
  • In another narration, it mentions that saying “Bismillaah” (In the Name of Allah) before entering the toilet covers one from the Jinns

2. Privacy

  • A muslim must conceal himself when relieving himself and must ensure others cannot see him
  • The Hadith of Al-Mughirah Ibn Shu’bah (may Allah be pleased with him)
  • This is one of the reasons why it is impermissible for men to use urinals (note, this is not the only reason)

3. Not to relieve oneself in a Pathway

  • It is impossible for a Muslim to relieve himself in the paths where people walk or in areas of shade used for shelter
  • The Hadith of Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him)
    • Two things which provoke cursing
      • Relieving yourself in the thoroughfares (whether or not you are seen)
      • or under the shades where people take shelter and rest
  • Hadith of Muadh Ibn Jabal (may Allah be pleased with him)
    • Three things which provoke cursing
      • Relieving yourself in water places
      • Relieving yourself in the thoroughfares (whether or not you are seen)
      • or under the shades where people take shelter and rest

4. To Not face the Qiblah

  • A Muslim should NOT face the Qiblah NOR should your back be facing the Qiblah
  • Rather your back should sit such that your side is facing the Qiblah
  • Question: what if you have a toilet built already but it is facing the Qiblah (either your front or back)
  • Issue: what do you do in the above

5. Part 1)To use the Left hand to clean oneself

  • One should clean himself after he has answered the call of nature using his left hand and NOT to use the right hand for this
  • The Advise of the Prophet (ﷺ)
    • To not face toward the Qiblah nor turn his back toward it
    • To not clean himself with his right hand
    • To use three stones (for wiping)
    • He forbade using dung or bones
  • The kindness of the Prophet (ﷺ) towards his Ummah
  • These days one can use a toilet roll paper as substitute for stones but one must make three wiping
  • Using both Water and something to wipe (e.g. tissues) is best

5.Part 2) Taking Care and avoiding urine splashing, Not to urinate standing up

  • You have to take care when using the toilet and avoid urine does not splash onto you or your clothes, this is something that can attract punishment
  • Ibn Abbas reported (may Allah be pleased with him): “The Messenger of Allah(ﷺ) happened to pass by two graves and said: They (their occupants) are being tormented, but they are not tormented for a grievous sin. One of them carried tales and the other did not keep himself safe from being defiled by urine. He then called for a fresh twig and split it into two parts, and planted them on each grave and then said: Perhaps, their punishment way be mitigated as long as these twigs remain fresh.” [Sahih Muslim]
  • NOTE: It is not appropriate for a man to stand whilst urinating as this will be more likely to cause splashes of urine to come into contact with him, rather sitting down is safer from the punishment mentioned above

6. Impermissibility of talking in the toilet

  • It is not permissible for one to talk whilst he is in the toilet
  • Rather one should be silent

7. Not to make Dhikr (remembrance of Allah) in the toilet

  • It is also not permissible to perform dhikr (remembrance of Allah) or make supplications in the toilet
  • It was narrated that Ibn ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “A man passed by the Prophet while he was urinating and greeted him with the Salam, and he did not return the greeting.” [Sahih Muslim]

8. When Exiting the toilet

  • Hadith of A’isha (may Allah be pleased with her)
    • When the Prophet would exit the toilet he would say: “Ghufranak” (I seek your forgiveness)
  • Why did the Prophet (ﷺ) seek forgiveness after exiting the toilet?

Q&A:

  • If your bathroom and toilet are seperate, does the above apply to the bathroom too?
  • What if someone calls you if you are in the bathroom but you are not relieving yourself?
  • Is tissue sufficient if you have no water? Does this count?
  • Using the phone on the toilet
  • Regarding hadith about the two punished in the grave, are there different forms of slander?

Next week insha Allah: Wudhu (Ablution)

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