Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 39

Saturday 5th Jan 2019

Lesson 39: Supplications when leaving or returning to your home

  • When you leave your home there are certain duas (supplications) which you can read and these have been mentioned in the Sunnah
  • Reading this supplications means that such a person will be safeguarded by the permission of Allah, his task will be made easy and he will be guided to the path of truth by the will of Allah
  • The hadith of Anas Ibn Mālik (may Allah be pleased with him)
    • Supplication: “Bismillaah, tawakkaltu `alallaah, laa ḥawla wa laa quwwata illaa billaah”
    • Translation: ‘In the Name of Allah, I place my trust in Allah, there is no might or power except by Allah’
    • Benefits: Such a person will be guided, sufficed and protected by the permission of Allah
    • Shaitan (satan) turns away from him and another shaitan says to him “what can you do with a man who has been guided, sufficed and protected?”
  • The above dua is to be read as you are leaving your home
  • Note: this does not have to be your own home, it can be read when leaving the residence you are in e.g. Hotel
  • Having trust in Allah is from the greatest of the comprehensive types of worship and is part of Tawheed (monotheism)
  • Qur’an verse: “And He will provide him from (sources) he never could imagine. And whosoever puts his trust in Allah, then He will suffice him. Verily, Allah will accomplish his purpose. Indeed Allah has set a measure for all things.” [Surah At-Talaq (The Divorce) verse 3]
  • When you read the supplication when leaving your home, then what is the reply said back to you??
  • The Hadith of Umm Salamah (may Allah be pleased with her) (reported in Abu Dawud and others)
    • Supplication: Allaahumma Innee a’uudhu bika an adhilla aw udhall aw azilla aw uzall aw adhlima aw udhlim aw ajhala aw yujhala alayya
    • Translation: “Oh Allah! Indeed I seek refuge in you from misguiding or being misguided, or that I trip or am made to trip, that I oppress or that I am oppressed, or that I act foolishly or I am acted foolishly towards”
    • Umm Salamah (may Allah be pleased with her) said that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) never went out of my house without raising his eye to the sky and saying this dua

Supplications to recite when returning to your Home

  • Generally, it is recommended for a Muslim to say “Bismillaah (In the Name of Allah)” when entering the house and to give the salaam even if there is no one home
  • Jabir ibn ‘Abdullah (may Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) as saying: “When a person enters his house and mentions the name of Allah at the time of entering it and while eating the food, Satan says (addressing himself): ‘You have no place to spend the night and no evening meal’; but when he enters without mentioning the name of Allah, the Satan says: ‘You have found a place to spend the night’, and when he does not mention the name of Allah while eating food, he (the Satan) says: You have found a place to spend the night and evening meal.” [Sahih Muslim]
  • This shows us that the remembrance of Allah expels, repels and distanced the shaitan (satan)
  • Therefore it is important that we read supplications on a regular basis
  • Question: if three people enter the house, should they all say “Bismillaah” or is it just one person?
  • Question: does a non Muslim have to read this when coming to a muslims house?
  • Shaykh Abdulrahmaan As-Si’di (may Allah have mercy on him) said that a person who does not remember Allah, then indeed shaitan participates in all of his actions, therefore if a person wishes to get rid of the shaitan in his affairs then it is important that he performs regular remembrance of Allah and supplication
  • Note: what about saying “Assalaamu alaikum wa ‘alaa ibaadillaahis-saaliheen”?
  • Narrated Anas (may Allah be pleased with him):“The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said to me: ‘O my little son! When you enter upon your family then give the Salam, it will be a blessing for you and upon the inhabitants of your house.” [At-Tirmidhi]
  • What three people are guaranteed the protection and guardianship of Allah?

Q&A:

  • What if you forget to say bismillaah when coming into the house, can you say it just afterwards?
  • Are there other things to recite when eating food? Is “Bismillaah” enough?

Next week insha Allah: Supplications to recite when entering and leaving the bathroom?

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