Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 32

Sat 17th Nov 2018

Lesson 32: Supplications for the Morning and Evenings Part-2

    • ‘Abdullah bin Mas’ud (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: When it was evening, the Prophet (ﷺ) used to supplicate: “Amsaina wa amsal-mulku lillah, wal-hamdu lillaah. Laa ‘ilaaha illallaahu wahdahu laa sharika lahu (We have entered upon evening and the whole kingdom of Allah, too, has entered upon evening. Praise is due to Allah. There is none who has the right to be worshiped but Allah, the One who has no partner with Him).” He (the narrator) said: I think that he (ﷺ) used to follow the recitation with these words: “Lahul-mulku, wa lahul-hamdu, wa Huwa ‘alaa kulli shi’in Qadiir. Rabbi as’aluka khaira ma fi haadhihil-lailati, wa khaira ma ba’dahaa; wa a’udhu bika min sharri ma fi haadhihil-lailati, wa sharri ma ba’dahaa; Rabbi a’udhu bika minal- kasali, wa suu’il-kibari; Rabbi a’udhu bika min ‘adhabin fin-naari, wa ‘adhabin fil-qabri (His is the sovereignty and to Him is all praise due, and He is Omnipotent. My Lord, I beg of you the good that lies in this night and good that follows it, and I seek refuge in You from the evil that lies in this night and from the evil of that which follows it. My Lord! I seek refuge in You from lethargy and the misery of old age. O Allah! I seek Your Protection from the torment of Hell-fire and the punishment of the grave).” When it was morning, he (ﷺ) would recite the same, replacing the words: “We have entered upon evening and the whole kingdom of Allah, too, has entered upon evening” with “We have entered upon morning and the whole kingdom of Allah entered upon morning.” (Replace the words “Amsainaa→ Asbahnaa, amsa→ asbaha, hadhihil-lailati→ hadhal-yaumi, ma ba’daha→ ma ba’dahu)” [Muslim].
      • When one says this hadith he/she acknowledges that all of the kingdom belongs solely to Allah and that he is the one deserving of all praise and that he is able to do do all things
      • The importance of seeking refuge from Laziness. The one who is capable yet abandons obligatory actions out of laziness is not excused whereas
      • The troubles of old age which some experience (in regards to their physical and mental faculties) and the benefit of seeking refuge from this
      • Why is the punishment of the Hellfire and the grave mentioned?
      • Whoever finds himself safe in the grave, will similarly find himself safe after the resurrection
      • May Allah safeguard us all from the punishment of Hellfire
  • Hadith of Abu Darda’ (may Allah be pleased with him)
    • The hadith is narrated in such a way that it seems like a statement of Abu Darda however it is taken as a supplication from the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ), why so?
    • This hadith has a great benefit for every muslim who is concerned about the affairs of his world or the afterlife
    • One who reads this supplication places his trust in Allah
  • Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: “The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “He who recites in the morning and in the evening the statement: ‘Subhan-Allahi wa bihamdihi (Allah is free from imperfection and I begin with praising Him)’ one hundred times, will not be surpassed on the Day of Resurrection by anyone with better deeds than one who utters the same words or utters more of these words.” [Muslim].
  • Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) used to teach his Companions, saying: “When one of you reached the morning, then let him say: ‘O Allah, by You we enter the morning, and by You we enter the evening, and be You we live, and by You we died, and to You is the Return (Allāhumma bika aṣbaḥnā wa bika amsainā wa bika naḥyā wa bika namūtu wa ilaikal-maṣīr). And when he reaches the evening let him say: ‘O Allah, by You we enter the evening, and by You we enter the morning, and by You we live, and by You we die, and to You is the Resurrection (Allāhumma bika amsainā wa bika aṣbaḥnā wa bika naḥyā wa bika namūtu wa ilaikan-nushūr).’” [At-Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud and others, declared Hasan by Shaikh Al-Albaani]
    • Why does the morning supplication end with “and to You is the Return” and why does the evening supplication end with “to You is the Resurrection”?
    • Hudhaifah and Abu Dharr (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Whenever the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) went to bed, he would supplicate: “Bismika-Allaahumma amuutu wa ahyaa (With Your Name, O Allah, I die and return to life)”; and when he woke up, he would supplicate thus: “Al-hamdu lillaahilladhi ahyaana ba’da maa amaatanaa, wa ilaihin-nushuur (All praise belongs to Allah Who has restored us back to life after causing us to die; and to Him shall we return).” [Al-Bukhari]

  • Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Abu Bakr asked, “O Messenger of Allah! Teach me some words so that I may recite them in the morning and in the evening.” The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “Recite these words: ‘Allaahumma fatiras-samawati wal-ardi, ‘alimal-ghaibi wash-shahadati, Rabba kulli shai’in wa malikahu. Ash- hadu an la ilaha illa Anta, a’udhu bika min sharri nafsi, wa sharrish- Shaitani wa shirkihi (O Allah! Creator of the heavens and the earth! Knower of the hidden and the exposed! Lord of everything and every one. I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped but You. I seek Your Protection from the evil of my own self from the evil of Satan and from the evil of Shirk to which he calls).”‘ The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) added: “Recite these words in the morning and the evening and when you go to bed.” [Abu Dawud and At- Tirmidhi].
    • In another version the following is added: “…and that I bring evil upon myself or bring it on another Muslim.’ [Al-Adab Al-Mufrad]
    • The human self is inclined towards evil, therefore seeking refuge from this is necessary
    • Qur’an: “”And I free not myself (from the blame). Verily, the (human) self is inclined to evil, except when my Lord bestows His Mercy (upon whom He wills). Verily, my Lord is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.”” [Surah Yusuf (Joseph) verse 53]
    • The enmity of Shaytaan (satan) towards us and his attempts to mislead people into shirk (polytheism)

Q&A:

  • What constitutes morning and evening with regards to supplications?
  • What is the best book for dua (supplications)?

 

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