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Lesson 36 | Summary of Fiqh | The Two Eid Prayers

Saturday 26 Aug 2017

Chapter of Prayer: The Two Eid Prayers

  • Brief recap of last lesson
  • The Eid prayers something which is legislated in Islam [evidences from the Quran and Sunnah and consensus of the scholars
  • The Mushrikeen (polytheists) used to have celebrations at certain times, when Islam came it invalidated all of that and replaced them with the two Eids as a means of showing thankfulness to Allah.
  • The Eids are linked to great acts of worship (Fasting Ramadhaan and Hajj)
  • Narration about when the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) came to Madinah, the people used to have celebrations and he informed that that Allah has exchanged that for something better (Eid ul Adha and Eid ul Fitr)
    • Therefore, it is not permissible to make anymore Eids besides these two Eid, such as Birthday Celebrations, as these are imitations of the disbelievers
    • Likewise, things like Mother’s Day or any other celebration or commemoration are not permissible in Islam as these were innovations by non-Muslims and whoever imitates a people is considered among them. The best of speech is the Book of Allah, and the best of guidance is that of the Sunnah of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم), and every innovation is misguidance and every misguidance is in the fire.
  • What does Eid mean?
  • What is the evidence of Eid in the Quran? [Surah Al Kawthar verse 2]
  • The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) commanded the women to go out to the Eid prayer (being modest and not using perfumes).
  • Eid is one of the open signs of Islam among the people
  • The first time the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) prayed Eid ul Fitr was in the second year of the Hijrah (migration) when fasting was prescribed and carried on until his death
  • Eid Prayer should be Prayed in the outside open space (not inside mosque). However, this open space should not be remote from the people. What is one of the wisdoms of this?
    • Exception is if in Makkah, the Eid prayer should be prayed in the Haram, and not outside
  • Times of the Eid prayer
    • When does the time for Eid prayer begin? [=when sun has risen a little above the horizon]
    • When does the time for the Eid prayer end? [=the time of the zawaal/zenith/meridian]
    • When is the best time for Eid Prayer? [for Eid ul Adha= as soon as sun has risen, for Eid ul Fitr= can wait a little after sunrise, what are the reasons for this?]
  • What if you only find out about Eid Prayer when it is after zawaal time on Eid Day, too late? [for example, if last day of Ramadhaan, if one community does not know the next day is Eid?]
  • Before going to Eid ul Fitr it is Sunnah to eat something sweet e.g. dates [hadith]
  • Before going to Eid ul Adha it is Sunnah to NOT eat anything beforehand [hadith]
  • Evidence from the Quran for paying the Zakat before Eid ul Fitr and doing the Slaughter after Eid ul Adha
  • Importance of going early to the Eid Prayer
  • The Muslim should wear the best of one’s clothes and the Men should use fragrance. The women should avoid using fragrance or wearing something that will attract the attention of the people, instead they should guard they modesty.

  • The Eid Prayer is to be established by those who are resident, a traveller does not pray Eid Prayer [what is the evidence for this?]
  • The Eid prayer:
    • Two Rak’ah first and then a Khutbah after [Hadith]
    • Is it permissible to miss the Eid Khutbah? [Answer= preferred to stay for it but not obligatory]
    • Are there any nafl (optional) prayers that go with the Eid Prayer [Answer=No, Hadith]
    • Is there adhaan or Iqaamah for the Eid Prayers? [Answer=no, Hadith]
    • First Rak’ah has 7 Takbeer all together [there are many opinions, this is a common one]
      • First Takbeer [to start the Prayer is a Pillar of the Prayer, cannot be missed], then Opening dua and Seek Refuge
      • Six more Takbeer (Sunnah)
      • Then Reading Al-Fatiha
    • Second Rak’ah has 5 takbeers (all Sunnah), then Fatiha [there are many opinions, this is a common one]
    • What happens if the Imam forgets one or All the Sunnah Takbeers
    • The sahabah (companions) had different opinions on the number of takbeeraat, there is leeway in this regard
    • Should you raise hands for the takbeers? [difference of opinions]
  • The “allaahu Akbar” can be said after the obligatory prayers on from the Day of Arafah up until the last of the Days of Tashreeq. on any of the first ten days of Dhul Hijjah
  • What do you recite on the Eid Prayer?
  • It is befitting for the Khateeb (one who gives the sermon) to address matters relating to the women
  • Q&A:
    • What about hugging each other on Eid day? [Imam Ahmed says no evidence from Sahabah so don’t initate hugs, but one should not reject someone who offers it, overall not an issue]
    • What about phrase “May Allah accept it from us” or “Eid Mubarak” or “Kullu aamin wantumn bi khair”. These phrases are not incorrect but one should NOT treat them as a Sunnah act.
    • How should women go to Eid Prayer? [=When going out to the Eid Prayer women should not beautify themselves/make themselves attractive and ensure they are not exposed. One can apply fragrance and beatify themselves at home but Muslim women should guard their modesty when outside from the eyes of men etc.]
    • Is Eid ul Adha four days long? [=some scholars say yes. Eid day + 3 more days]

 

Next Week Insha Allah: NO LESSON DUE TO EID

NEXT topic insha Allah in Two (2) weeks: The Eclipse Prayers

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